Download PDF by J.D. Grainger: British Campaigns in the South Atlantic 1805-1807

By J.D. Grainger

Between 1805 and 1807 the British fixed a number of expeditions into the South Atlantic aimed toward weakening Napoleon's Spanish and Dutch allies. The goals have been the Dutch colony on South Africa's Cape of fine desire, which in all probability threatened British delivery routes to India, and the Spanish colonies within the Rio de los angeles Plata basin (now components of Argentina and Uruguay). 

In 1805 a military of round 6,000 males was once dispatched for the Cape below the highly-respected normal David Baird. They have been escorted and assisted by means of a naval squadron below domestic Riggs Popham. The Cape surrendered in January 1806. 
Popham then persuaded Baird to lend him troops for an assault on Buenos Aires. Buenos Aires used to be taken in July however the paltry British strength (around 2,400 males) used to be then besieged and compelled to give up in August. Popham was once later courtroom martialled for exceeding his orders.

In Feb 1807 Montevideo was once taken via a brand new (officially sanctioned) British strength of 6,000 males. Whitelocke, the British Commander then tried to retake Buenos Aires (not least to loose British prisoners from the 1st test) yet used to be defeated by means of without notice fierce resistance stiffened by means of armed creoles and slaves. After heavy losses he signed an armistice, surrendering Montevideo and taking flight all his forces. He too was once court-martialled. 

One of the foremost topics of this new account is the powerful Scottish connection – Baird and Popham have been either Scots, and the 71st Highlanders made up the most strength within the Cape and Popham's event. one other is the unlooked for outcomes of those activities. the arriving of Scottish Calvinist ministers within the Cape prompted the eventual improvement of apartheid, whereas profitable resistance to the British, with little aid from Spain, formed and speeded up the independence stream in South America.

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British Campaigns in the South Atlantic 1805-1807 by J.D. Grainger

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